1Veterans Affairs Rehabilitation Research & Development National Center for Rehabilitative Auditory Research, Veterans Affairs Portland Health Care System, Portland, Oregon, USA
2School of Public Health, Oregon Health & Science University-Portland State University, Portland, Oregon, USA
3Center to Improve Veteran Involvement in Care, Veterans Affairs Portland Health Care System, Portland, Oregon, USA
4Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois, USA
5Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA.
Received April 10, 2020; accepted December 1, 2020; published online ahead of print February 4, 2021.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and text of this article on the journal’s Web site (www.ear-hearing.com).
Portions of this article were presented at the Collaborative Auditory & Vestibular Research Network (CAVRN) Annual Meeting, Lexington, MA, June 12–15, 2019.
All authors contributed to this study. J.A.H., K.F.C., and S.G. designed the study and reviewed data; K.M.R. analyzed the data and wrote the main paper; A.R.J. and J.M.S. provided expert opinion and interpretive analysis; G.P.M. provided statistical guidance and interpretive analysis. All authors discussed the results and implications and commented on the article at all stages.
The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official policy or position of the Defense Health Agency, Department of Defense, or any other U.S. government agency. This work was prepared as part of official duties as U.S. Government employees and, therefore, is defined as U.S. Government work under Title 17 U.S.C.§101. Per Title 17 U.S.C.§105, copyright protection is not available for any work of the U.S. Government.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
Address for correspondence: Kelly M. Reavis, National Center for Rehabilitative Auditory Research, VA Portland Health Care System, 3710 SW US Veterans Hospital Rd., Portland, OR 97239, USA. E-mail: [email protected]