1Manchester Centre for Audiology and Deafness, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
2Manchester Centre for Health Psychology, Division of Psychology and Mental Health, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
3Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, United Kingdom
4National Institute for Health Research Greater Manchester Patient Safety Translational Research Centre, Manchester University Hospitals National Health Service Foundation Trust, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, United Kingdom
5Phonak Canada, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
6Department of Psychology, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada
7Department of Speech-Language Pathology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
Received February 28, 2018; accepted November 19, 2018.
C.S.S and P.D.D. analyzed the data; C.S.S. wrote the article; P.D.D., C.J.A., K.J.M., and G.S. provided critical revision. All authors discussed the results and implications and commented on the manuscript at all stages.
This research was conducted using the UK Biobank Resource.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and text of this article on the journal’s Web site (www.ear-hearing.com).
Address for correspondence: Chelsea S. Sawyer, University of Manchester, HCD office, Ellen Wilkinson Building, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL. E-mail: [email protected]