Recent advances in electrode design have helped to rekindle clinical interests in noninvasive electrocochleography—to enhance auditory brain stem response (ABR) recordings (namely, wave I) and to screen Meniere's disease. The salient feature of the response in suspected cases of endolymphatic hydrops is an unusually large summating potential (SP). Since the SP is a DC potential, conventional wisdom suggests the use of relatively low cutoff frequencies (i.e., long-time constants) for recording, but this may degrade the recording due to the presence of excessive low-frequency noise. However, the click-elicited SP also is a transient of relatively short duration, considering the characteristics of the click. This may permit more liberal high-pass filtering with acceptable waveform distortion. This is a report of findings obtained using an analog model for SP generation and recordings from normal subjects using an electrode placed directly on the tympanic membrane. Responses were obtained using various low-frequency cutoffs. Cutoffs up to 30 Hz caused little distortion. Even in the face of considerable distortion at the highest cutoffs (100 and 300 Hz), the SP remained detectable and the SP:AP essentially unchanged. Therefore, higher filter settings may be used in recording the SP than commonly assumed, although the decreased amplitudes of the component potentials may not be tolerable under all clinical test conditions.
Address reprint requests to: John D. Durrant, Ph.D., Center for Audiology, EE/MUH, Eye & Ear Institute Building, 203 Lothrop St., Pittsburgh, PA 15213.
Received April 14, 1990; accepted November 6, 1990.
© Williams & Wilkins 1991. All Rights Reserved.