Original Article: PDF OnlyStability of Debrisoquine (CYP2D6) Phenotype in Liver Transplant PatientsBendriss, A.; Bechtel, Y.; Paintaud, G.; Bendriss, E. K.; Joanne, C.*; Bresson-Hadni, S.†; Magnette, J.*; Becker, M. C.*; Gillet, M.*; Mantion, G.*; Miguet, J. P.; Bechtel, P. R. Author Information Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Liver Transplantation Unit, Besançon University Hospital and Med-Pharex, Besançon, France *Department of Liver Transplantation Unit, Besançon University Hospital, Besançon, France †Med-Pharex, Besançon, France Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: April 1995 - Volume 17 - Issue 2 - p 113-119 Buy Abstract Liver metabolism may be modified after liver transplantation according to the phenotype of the donor and may be influenced by posttrans-plantation complications. The CYP2D6 phenotype was assessed in 13 patients (group I) before and after liver transplantation using debrisoquine. CYP2D6 activity was also assessed in vitro on microsomes from the liver of the recipients and the donors, using dextrpmethorphan. Twelve patients were extensive metabolizers both before and after transplantation. One apparently poor metabolizer was transplanted with the liver of another poor metabolizer. The intrinsic clearance of dextromethorphan (CLint) measured on recipient liver microsomes was significantly lower than that on donor liver microsomes (p < 0.05). In extensive metabolizers, the debrisoquine metabolic ratio was correlated with CLint before (r = 0.78, p < 0.05) and after (r = 0.89, p < 0.0005) transplantation. Debrisoquine phenotype was measured repeatedly in nine additional patients (group II) up to 3 years after liver transplantation. Their phenotype was stable during the follow-up observation, although the variations observed may be clinically relevant. Therefore, no change in CYP2D6 phenotype (extensive/poor metabolizer) was observed because of the liver transplantation, and the debrisoquine log metabolic ratio was largely unaffected by the liver complications observed during the posttransplantation follow-up observation. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.