SB2, an infliximab (IFX) biosimilar to the reference infliximab (R.I.) product (Remicade), received approval in the European Union for all IFX indications. Many decision algorithms based on the measurement of IFX trough levels and antibodies to infliximab are being increasingly used to optimize IFX treatment. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether the biosimilar SB2 could be efficiently monitored using the LISA-TRACKER IFX and anti-IFX assays developed by Theradiag (Croissy Beaubourg, France).
Standard curves of R.I. and SB2 were compared, and then accuracy of the LISA-TRACKER IFX assay in detecting the spiked concentration of SB2 was measured. Levels of IFX from SB2 spiked samples and R.I. clinical samples were calculated. Intra-run and inter-run imprecision were also measured with SB2 spiked samples. The ability of polyclonal antibodies directed against R.I. to block the detection of SB2 using the LISA-TRACKER IFX assay and the capacity of SB2 to block the detection of anti-R.I. antibodies using the LISA-TRACKER anti-IFX assay were tested.
Twelve patients treated with SB2 including 2 patients with SB2-specific antibodies were measured with the LISA-TRACKER anti-IFX assay. We demonstrated that the LISA-TRACKER assay is suitable for the quantification of SB2 in human serum samples. The percentage of recovery was between 82% and 113%. High intra-run and inter-run imprecisions were obtained with the LISA-TRACKER infliximab assay for the quantification of SB2 (SD ranged from 3.3% to 17.9%). The SB2-blocking capacity of R.I. polyclonal antibodies in spiked samples was demonstrated with inhibition between 80% and 97%. SB2 trough levels and anti-SB2 antibodies have also been confirmed in SB2-treated patients.
LISA-TRACKER IFX and anti-IFX assays are suitable for the monitoring of patients treated with SB2.
*Laboratory of Immunology and Immunomonitoring, Clinical Investigation Center Inserm 1408, GIMAP EA3064, Hospital of Saint-Etienne; and
†Hepatology-Enterology-Gastrology Department, Clinical Investigation Center Inserm 1408, GIMAP EA3064, Hospital of Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, France.
Correspondence: Stephane Paul, PhD, Laboratory of Immunology and Immunomonitoring, Clinical Investigation Center Inserm 1408, GIMAP EA3064, Hospital of Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, France (e-mail: email@example.com).
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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Received April 13, 2018
Accepted August 17, 2018