Original ArticlesCross-Reactivity Assessment of Carbamazepine-10,11-epoxide, Oxcarbazepine, and 10-Hydroxy-Carbazepine in Two Automated Carbamazepine Immunoassays: PETINIA and EMIT 2000Parant, François; Bossu, Hubert; Gagnieu, Marie Claude; Lardet, Gisèle; Moulsma, MustaphaAuthor Information Laboratory of Biochemistry, Pharmacology and Toxicology, Edouard Herriot Hospital, Lyon, France Received May 15, 2002; accepted August 19, 2002. This work was presented in part at the 2nd Meeting of Hospital Toxicology, Liège, Belgium, 2001. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. François Parant, Laboratoire de Biochimie–Pharmacologie Toxicologie et Traces, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, 5 place d'Arsonval, 69437 Lyon, Cedex 03, France; E-mail: [email protected] Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: February 2003 - Volume 25 - Issue 1 - p 41-45 Buy Abstract This study was conducted to compare the cross-reactivity of two commercially available carbamazepine (CBZ) immunoassays (PETINIA and EMIT 2000) with carbamazepine-10,11-epoxide (CBZ-E), the active metabolite of CBZ. Oxcarbazepine (OCBZ) and its main metabolite 10-hydroxy-carbazepine (HCBZ) have a chemical structure closely related to that of CBZ. The cross-reactivities of these two drugs were also investigated. In the first part of the study, Lyphocheck blank human serum and Chemonitor quality controls (containing CBZ without CBZ-E) were spiked with variable amounts of CBZ-E. The apparent CBZ levels were measured by PETINIA and EMIT 2000 methods. The interference from OCBZ and HCBZ was directly assessed by measuring the apparent CBZ levels in Chromsystems Trileptal quality controls (containing OCBZ and HCBZ). In the second part of the study, the CBZ levels of serum samples from 49 patients, including 2 patients with massive CBZ ingestion, were measured by immunoassays and compared with a high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) reference technique allowing the simultaneous measurement of CBZ and CBZ-E. The antibody used in the PETINIA assay cross-reacts (about 90%) with CBZ-E. In one case of CBZ poisoning (CBZ and CBZ-E levels measured by HPLC were 26.2 and 18.2 mg/L, respectively), CBZ level measured by PETINIA was falsely elevated (42.5 mg/L). In contrast, the specificity of EMIT 2000 was satisfactory (29.5 mg/L). The two immunoassays tested showed low cross-reactivity with OCBZ and HCBZ. In conclusion, it appears that the CBZ-E metabolite present in samples can falsely increase CBZ levels measured by the PETINIA assay. © 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.