ORIGINAL ARTICLE: PDF OnlyBinding Parameters of Valproic Acid to Serum Protein in Healthy Adults at Steady StateKodama, Yasuo; Koike, Yuichi*; Kimoto, Hiroo; Yasunaga, Fumitaka; Takeyama, Masaharu; Teraoka, Iwao†; Fujii, Isao†Author Information Departments of Hospital Pharmacy, *Clinical Pharmacology, and †Neuropsychiatry, Medical College of Oita, Oita, Japan Therapeutic Drug Monitoring: February 1992 - Volume 14 - Issue 1 - p 55-60 Buy Abstract Two hundred milligrams of valproic acid (VPA) was administered orally to seven healthy adults at 9:00 and 21:00 h for 5 consecutive days, including the morning dose on day 6. On the sixth day, blood samples were drawn at 0, 0.17, 0.33, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 3, and 6 h after the morning dose. Binding of VPA to serum protein was evaluated by ultrafiltration, and total and unbound VPA concentrations were determined by fluorescence polarization immunoassay. Binding parameters of VPA to serum protein were calculated for each subject by the Scatchard analysis. The binding parameters obtained from seven subjects showed that the mean association constant (K) was 2.72 x 104 L/mol while the total number of binding sites (nPt) was 789 μmol/L. There were marked interindividual variations and the coefficient of variation was 42% for K and 28% for nPt. These results show that endogenous free fatty acids (FFAs) significantly reduce the binding affinity of VPA to serum albumin (p < 0.05). In addition, they suggest the possibility that the primary binding sites for VPA can be strongly reduced by FFAs. Therefore, we consider that interindividual differences in binding parameters may be clinically important. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.