Eyelid basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is usually cured by surgery. However, for a minority of patients, extensive disease progression and recurrence contraindicate surgery or radiotherapy because of severe ocular morbidity. The hedgehog signaling pathway inhibitor vismodegib is becoming the key treatment for this specific form.
The aim of this review was to define the role of surgery after vismodegib treatment.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A literature search of the PubMed, Cochrane Library, ScienceDirect, and Embase databases was conducted for all articles published up to March 2021 to identify studies that examined treatment of BCC of the eyelid by vismodegib.
Level 1 evidence was found for the use of vismodegib as neoadjuvant therapy in locally advanced eyelid BCC contraindicated to surgery and/or radiotherapy with a rather good tolerance of treatment. Level 3 evidence was found for the role of surgical excision of residual clinically suspicious lesions as for the indication of eyelid reconstruction after mapping or during residual tumoral resection if frozen sections or Mohs surgery were performed.
Vismodegib is a well-tolerated treatment for advanced periorbital BCC. The hedgehog signaling pathway inhibitor vismodegib is a potential treatment option in patients with these challenging tumors.