In dermatologic and procedural surgery settings, there are commonly encountered devices in patients. Safe surgical planning requires familiarity with these devices.
To review the current implanted devices in patients and recommendations for surgical planning around these devices.
A comprehensive review using PubMed and published device recommendations was performed, searching for those most relevant to dermatologic surgery.
Devices such as pacemakers and implantable cardiac defibrillators, deep brain stimulators, cochlear implants, and various nerve stimulators are potential devices that may be encountered in patients and specific recommendations exist for each of these devices.
Dermatologic surgeons' knowledge of implanted devices in patients is paramout to safe surgical procedures.
*All authors are affiliated with the Division of Dermatology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Shivani V. Tripathi, MD, Division of Dermatology, Washington University in St. Louis, 660 S. Euclid, Campus Box 8123, St. Louis, MO 63110, or e-mail: email@example.com
The authors have indicated no significant interest with commercial supporters.