Cosmetic tattoos such as eyeliner, brow liner, and lip liner have become increasingly popular in the United States and throughout the world. For a variety of reasons, patients frequently regret their tattoos and request their removal; however, removal is often complicated by the aesthetically sensitive location of these specialized tattoos and the fact that they often contain white metallic compounds that darken on pigment-specific laser irradiation.
To review the clinical use, effectiveness, and safety of an ablative laser technique for cosmetic tattoos.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A thorough literature review pertaining to laser treatment of cosmetic tattoos and a discussion of illustrative patient cases showcasing the successful use of ablative carbon dioxide (CO2) laser to treat cosmetic tattoos is presented.
Cosmetic eyeliner and lip liner tattoos were significantly improved after CO2 laser vaporization. Side effects were limited to erythema, edema, and serosanguinous drainage. No infection, scarring, nor tattoo ink darkening was observed.
Because ablative lasers do not target specific tattoo inks, they do not pose a risk of paradoxical tattoo ink darkening and, thus, can be applied successfully in the treatment of iron oxide– or titanium dioxide–containing cosmetic tattoos.