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Carruthers, Alastair MD, FRCPC, FAAD*; Carruthers, Jean MD, FRCSC

doi: 10.1097/DSS.0000000000000273
Review Article
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BACKGROUND This article is a review of the authors' 32 years' experience with botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA), especially its cosmetic use. It includes a review of the relevant literature and pointers to the future.

OBJECTIVE To provide readers with a history of the cosmetic use of BoNTA and future directions.

METHODS This article is written from the authors' experience.

RESULTS The readers will be aware of the results of the interaction with BoNTA.

CONCLUSION Botulinum toxin type A is a safe and effective treatment for some cosmetic problems. Side effects are minimal and short lived. The future of this therapeutic modality continues to be exciting.

*Department of Dermatology and Skin Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada;

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of British Columbia, British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Alastair Carruthers, FRCPC, Department of Dermatology and Skin Science, University of British Columbia, 943 West Broadway, Suite 820, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V5Z 4E1

A. Carruthers and J. Carruthers are consultants and investigators for Allergan.

© 2015 by the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, Inc. Published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
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