This article is a review of the authors' 32 years' experience with botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA), especially its cosmetic use. It includes a review of the relevant literature and pointers to the future.
To provide readers with a history of the cosmetic use of BoNTA and future directions.
This article is written from the authors' experience.
The readers will be aware of the results of the interaction with BoNTA.
Botulinum toxin type A is a safe and effective treatment for some cosmetic problems. Side effects are minimal and short lived. The future of this therapeutic modality continues to be exciting.
*Department of Dermatology and Skin Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada;
†Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of British Columbia, British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Alastair Carruthers, FRCPC, Department of Dermatology and Skin Science, University of British Columbia, 943 West Broadway, Suite 820, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V5Z 4E1
A. Carruthers and J. Carruthers are consultants and investigators for Allergan.