Secondary Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Paramedian Forehead Flap: Advances, Procedural Nuances, and Variations in Technique

Jellinek, Nathaniel J. MD*,†,‡; Nguyen, Tri H. MD§; Albertini, John G. MD‖,¶

doi: 10.1097/DSS.0000000000000112
Original Article

BACKGROUND The paramedian forehead flap (PFF) is a well-established technique for reconstruction of large nasal defects. The literature has provided several technical advances and procedural nuances that expand the surgeon's options when performing this procedure.

OBJECTIVE The objective is to provide procedural nuances, technical tips, and suggestions for improving flap outcomes. Specific techniques such as extending flap length below the orbital rim, avoiding terminal scalp hair inclusion in the flap design, restoring lining to full-thickness defects, and even flap dressings and wound care are detailed here. Of particular importance, the 3-staged turnover forehead flap for wounds requiring nasal lining, with delayed flap sculpting and cartilage graft placement, has revolutionized the conceptual approach to the most complicated nasal defects, and the technique is described in detail.

METHODS This article includes the techniques and approaches from 3 different surgeons at 3 different institutions with 3 different training backgrounds, in an effort to provide a nuanced and broad overview of the subject matter.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION The PFF technique has been refined with increasing procedural variations and nuances in technique. The nasal reconstructive surgeon, armed with knowledge of these techniques, can approach each patient with a broad knowledge base and perform reconstruction with maximum success.

*Department of Dermatology, The Warren Alpert Medical School at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island;

Division of Dermatology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts;

Dermatology Professionals, Inc., East Greenwich, Rhode Island;

§Northwest Diagnostic Clinic, Mohs & Dermatology Associates, Houston, Texas;

The Skin Surgery Center, Winston Salem, North Carolina;

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Nathaniel J. Jellinek, MD, 1672 South County Trail, Suite 101, East Greenwich, RI 02818, or e-mail:

The authors have indicated no significant interest with commercial supporters.

© 2014 by the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, Inc. Published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
You currently do not have access to this article

To access this article:

Note: If your society membership provides full-access, you may need to login on your society website