With the advent of incorporating the immunoperoxidase staining technique into the processing of frozen tissue, the use of Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) has been expanded to include several high-risk tumors such as lentigo maligna, malignant melanoma, and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans.
To thoroughly review the English medical literature pertaining to the use of immunohistochemical staining techniques on frozen sections during MMS and to summarize the basic relevant outcomes from the different relevant studies.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Medline search was conducted, with the following words used in the search criteria: “Mohs surgery,” “staining,” “immunostaining,” and “immunoperoxidase.”
Generally, all immunostains showed advantage over the traditional hematoxylin and eosin approach. Studies of MART-1 in melanoma chemosurgery indicated that it is typically crisp and has less background staining than MEL-5 and better staining consistency than HMB-45. In cases of desmoplastic melanomas, S100 is the stain of choice.
Immunostaining offers an advantage in MMS. Large, randomized, prospective studies comparing the different immunostains are still lacking in the literature.
The authors have indicated no significant interest with commercial supporters.