Ingredients in nail care products may lead to allergic and/or irritant contact dermatitis.
The aims of this study were to determine frequency of contact dermatitis associated with nail care products, characterize associated body sites, and describe causative allergens.
A retrospective analysis was conducted with the North American Contact Dermatitis Group data between 2001 and 2016.
Of the 38,775 patients tested, 769 (2.0%) had: 1) more than 1 allergic patch test reaction associated with a nail care product (n = 746), 2) irritant contact dermatitis associated with a nail care product (n = 14), or 3) both (n = 9). Primary body sites included the face (43.0%) and hands (27.6%). The top 5 allergens were (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (273/482, 56.6%), methyl methacrylate (210/755, 27.8%), ethyl acrylate (190/755, 25.2%), ethyl-2-cyanoacrylate (12/175, 6.9%) and tosylamide (273/755, 36.2%). Frequency of allergy to 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (P = 0.0069) and ethyl acrylate (P = 0.0024) significantly increased over the study period, whereas allergy secondary to tosylamide significantly decreased (P < 0.0001).
As long-lasting nail techniques become widespread, the prevalence of contact dermatitis to nail care products is expected to increase. Almost one-fifth of nail care product–associated allergens would have been missed without additional screening allergens beyond the North American Contact Dermatitis Group series, underscoring the need for testing to a broad array of allergens.