Hand dermatitis is a common condition with a lifetime prevalence of 20%. Glove allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a very important dermatitis affecting health care workers, hairdressers, cleaning personnel, kitchen workers, craftsmen, construction workers, laboratory workers, and homemakers. Occupationally related cases may be severe and can result in significant disability. Glove ACD is most commonly due to exposure to rubber accelerators, which are compounds that are added to rubber during production to increase strength and durability. Given the known allergic potential of these compounds, glove manufacturing companies have reformulated gloves leading to the introduction of new rubber allergens. In this review, we will discuss risk factors for glove ACD, both common and uncommon allergens in gloves, common contact allergens that permeate gloves, and patch testing to help uncover the inciting allergen(s).
From the *Department of Internal Medicine, Kettering Health Network, Dayton, OH; †Department of Dermatology, The University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson; and ‡Department of Dermatology, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, GA.
Address reprint requests to Salma de la Feld, MD, Emory University, 1525 Clifton Rd, 1st Floor, Atlanta, GA 30322. E-mail: email@example.com.
The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to declare.