The impact of virtual chromoendoscopy such as narrow-band imaging, Fujinon intelligent chromoendoscopy, blue-laser imaging, linked-color imaging, and i-SCAN on adenoma detection rate has been variable. However, adenoma miss rate (another measure suggested as a quality indicator) of electronic chromoendoscopy modalities has not been systematically evaluated.
This study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the adenoma miss rate of white-light endoscopy compared with electronic chromoendoscopy.
Medline, Embase, Scopus, Web of Knowledge, and Cochrane were the data sources for this study.
The studies selected were tandem randomized controlled trials of electronic chromoendoscopy modalities compared with white-light endoscopy.
Electronic chromoendoscopy compared with white light endoscopy was used to measure the adenoma miss rate.
Primary outcome was the pooled adenoma miss rate of electronic chromoendoscopy techniques compared with white-light endoscopy. Secondary outcomes were subgroup analysis, adenoma size analysis, and adenoma detection rate.
A total of 3507 patients were evaluated from 7 eligible tandem randomized control trials. A total of 1423 patients had white-light endoscopy as the first of the tandem examinations. The rest of the patients had electronic chromoendoscopy as the first of the tandem examination (narrow-band imaging, 988 patients; Fujinon intelligent chromoendoscopy, 728 patients; i-SCAN, 233 patients; blue-laser imaging, 64 patients; and linked-color imaging, 71 patients). The pooled adenoma miss rate for electronic chromoendoscopy was not different than white-light endoscopy (17.9% vs 21%; OR, 0.72 (0.67–1.11); I2 67%; p = 0.13). When only narrow-band imaging, blue-laser imaging, and linked-color imaging were considered, the pooled rate was statistically significant (OR, 0.60 (0.37–0.98); p = 0.04). The pooled adenoma detection rate was not statistically different with electronic chromoendoscopy than white-light endoscopy (OR, 1.02 (0.88–1.19); p = 0.78).
The small number of studies to assess the impact of each modality limited stratified conclusions.
Electronic chromoendoscopy is not associated with a significant reduction in adenoma miss rate compared with white-light colonoscopy.
1 Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas
2 Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, Georgia
3 Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Loyola University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois
4 Department of Gastroenterology, Veteran Affairs Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas
5 Department of Gastroenterology, Istituto Clinico Humanitas, Milan, Italy
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Funding/Support: None reported.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Poster presentation at the American Gastroenterological Association Meeting, San Diego, CA, May 21 to 24, 2016.
Correspondence: Prateek Sharma, M.D., Professor of Medicine, Department of Gastroenterology/hepatology and Motility, University of Kansas Medical Center and Veteran Affairs Medical Center (Kansas City). E-mail: email@example.com