To date only few data have been available relating to the oncologic safety of intersphincteric resection in such advanced tumors.
This study aimed to elucidate the oncologic outcomes and clinical factors affecting the long-term survival of patients who underwent preoperative chemoradiotherapy followed by intersphincteric resection for locally advanced rectal cancers.
This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected departmental data.
The study was conducted at a department of colorectal surgery in a tertiary care teaching hospital between January 2009 and September 2015.
A cohort of 147 consecutive patients with low rectal cancer undergoing intersphincteric resection after preoperative chemoradiotherapy was included.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
Kaplan–Meier analyses were used to evaluate the 3-year disease-free survival and local recurrence rates. Logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the influence of tumor response and other prognostic factors on survival outcomes.
Median follow-up was 34 months (range, 8–94 mo). The estimated overall 3-year disease-free survival and local recurrence rates were 64.9% and 11.7%. Circumferential resection margin involvement and pathologic T stage (ypT stage) were significant predictors of cancer relapse. The 3-year disease-free survival was 47.4% for patients with ypT3 tumors compared with 82.0% for those with ypT0–2 tumors (p = 0.001). The 3-year disease-free survival was 36.5% for patients with involved circumferential resection margins compared with 69.7% for those with a noninvolved circumferential resection margin (p = 0.003). On multivariate analysis, ypT stage, ymrT stage, and circumferential resection margin status were associated with worse disease-free survival. Clinical T-stage and pathologic distal margin status were not independent factors affecting oncologic outcomes.
This study is limited with respect to its retrospective design.
In these patients with locally advanced low rectal cancers, intersphincteric resection after preoperative chemoradiotherapy was associated with acceptable oncologic outcomes. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A941.