The efferent limb on the S-pouch
fits well into the anal canal while the body of the pouch lies on the levators. In contrast, the blunt end of a J-pouch
may be distorted as it is forced into the muscular tube of the stripped anus.
The aim of this study is to compare the clinical outcomes and quality of life
between patients with S- and J-pouches with a handsewn IPAA.
This study was retrospective.
This study was conducted at a high-volume tertiary referral center.
Patients undergoing a primary handsewn IPAA from 1983 to 2012 were identified.
MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES:
Demographics, operative details, functional outcomes, and quality of life
A total of 502 patients, including 169 patients with an S-pouch
(33.7%) and 333 patients with J-pouch
(66.3%), met our inclusion criteria; 55.8% (n = 280) were men. Mean age at pouch construction was 37.8 ± 12.5 years. Patients with an S-pouch
were younger (p
= 0.004) and had a higher BMI (p
= 0.035) at pouch surgery. There was no significant difference between patients with S- or J-pouches in other demographics. The frequencies of short-term complications in the 2 groups were similar (p
> 0.05), but pouch fistula or sinus (p
= 0.047), pelvic sepsis (p
= 0.044), postoperative partial small-bowel obstruction (p
= 0.003), or postoperative pouch-related hospitalization (p
= 0.021) occurred in fewer patients with an S-pouch
. At a median follow-up of 12.2 (range, 4.3–20.1) years, patients with an S-pouch
were found to have fewer bowel movements (p
< 0.001), less frequent pad use (p
= 0.001), and a lower fecal incontinence severity index score (p
= 0.015). The pouch failed in 62 patients (12.4%), but neither univariate nor multivariate analysis showed a significant association with pouch configuration.
The use of data from a single tertiary referral center was a limitation of this study.
We recommend using an S-pouch
when constructing an IPAA with a handsewn technique.