Although restorative proctocolectomy has become the standard surgical treatment for ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis, there are no prospective studies in children of the impact of this intervention on health-related quality of life.
A prospective study of health-related quality of life in children with ulcerative colitis or familial adenomatous polyposis undergoing restorative proctocolectomy was performed. Patients and their parents who agreed to participate completed standardized health-related quality-of-life surveys (Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 and Child Health Questionnaire Parent Form) within one month before colectomy and approximately one year after completion of their surgery.
Of the 60 patients who agreed to participate, 44 completed surveys at the appropriate time periods allowing comparison. The parents of 28 of these subjects also completed paired surveys. Before colectomy, patients with ulcerative colitis had substantially lower health-related quality-of-life scores, which were also mirrored in parental surveys. Following surgery patients with ulcerative colitis had significant improvement in 7 of 8 Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 patient subscales and all 6 corresponding Child Health Questionnaire Parent Form parental subscales of health-related quality of life. Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis showed improvement in the bodily pain subscale alone, whereas their corresponding parental surveys only showed improvement in the mental health subscale.
There are clearly significant adverse affects on health-related quality of life in children with ulcerative colitis that dramatically improved following restorative proctocolectomy.
1 Department of Surgery, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts
2 Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Correspondence: Craig W. Lillehei, M.D., Children's Hospital Boston, Fegan 3, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115. E-mail: Craig.firstname.lastname@example.org