Restorative proctocolectomy has revolutionized the surgical management of ulcerative colitis and familial polyposis syndromes. Though now evolved to include laparoscopy, this approach has not included alternative pouch designs such as ileal S-pouch reconstruction. This comparative analysis evaluated the combination of laparoscopic-assisted total proctocolectomy with an ileal S-pouch design.
One hundred fifty-six (65 laparoscopic-assisted) total proctocolectomy and ileal S-pouch-anal anastomosis procedures performed between 2003 to 2007 were identified from a prospective surgical database. Operative time, length of incision, length of hospital stay, complications, and return of bowel function were examined. A cost analysis including preoperative through postoperative hospital stay and operating room and postanesthesia care unit costs was performed.
The laparoscopic-assisted total proctocolectomy and ileal S-pouch-anal anastomosis procedures were performed for ulcerative colitis in 60 cases and familial adenomatous polyposis in the remaining 5 patients. Four conversions to open technique occurred (6 percent). Comparing laparoscopic and open procedures, the laparoscopic approach took longer to perform than the open technique (mean 451 minutesvs.347 minutes open;P< 0.001). The mean hospital stay was 6.3 days in the laparoscopic groupvs.8.2 days in the open group (P< 0.001). A detailed cost analysis revealed similar overall costs between the laparoscopic ($18,700) and open approaches ($18,500).
Use of a laparoscopic total proctocolectomy with ileal S-pouch-anal anastomosis reconstruction minimizes incision size and shortens hospital stay. At a teaching academic institution, the laparoscopic approach requires longer operative times yet a negligible cost disadvantage.