PURPOSE:: PURPOSE::Bowel function after low anterior resection for rectal cancer with colonic J-pouch reconstruction is more normal than after conventional straight anastomosis. However, few reports have examined the function of colonic J-pouch reconstruction in the elderly. Good function would obviate the need for colostomy, which is sometimes performed because of concern about fecal incontinence, which increases with age. This study evaluated the function of colonic J-pouch reconstruction in elderly patients aged 75 years or older.
METHODS:: METHODS::Functional outcome was compared in 20 patients aged 75 years or older (older group) and 27 patients aged 60 to 74 years (old group) and 60 patients aged 59 years or younger (young group), 3 years after colonic J-pouch reconstruction, using a functional scoring system with a 17-item questionnaire (score range, 0 (overall good) to 26 (overall poor)).
RESULTS:: RESULTS::The functional scores in the three age groups were satisfactory and similar. Among patients with anastomoses 1 cm to 4 cm from the anal verge, all 17 categories on the questionnaire in the three age groups were similar. Among patients with anastomoses 5 cm to 8 cm from the anal verge, only the use of laxatives or glycerine enemas was more common in the older group than in the old and young group (90vs. 38.5 percent and 43.3 percent;P= 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS:: CONCLUSIONS::Low anterior resection with colonic J-pouch reconstruction provides excellent functional outcome, including continence, for elderly patients. Colonic J-pouch reconstruction is a highly preferable alternative to permanent colostomy in elderly patients undergoing low anterior resection.
This work was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, and a grant for Cancer Research from the Osaka Cancer Foundation.
aFirst Department of Surgery, Kinki University School of Medicine, Ohno-Higashi, 377-2, 589-8511, Osaka-Sayama, Osaka, Japan, e-mail: email@example.com
© The ASCRS 2004