PURPOSE: PURPOSE:The aim of the present study was to analyze gastric acid secretion after restorative proctocolectomy, because it has been shown that ileal resection or exclusion may increase gastric acid secretion. An increased output of gastric acids may decrease the intestinal passage time and contribute to looser stools.
METHODS: METHODS:Eleven patients who had elective colectomy and ileoanal pouch because of ulcerative colitis were investigated. Eight patient were males. Eight S-pouches and three J-pouches were constructed. Gastric acid secretion (retention, basic, and stimulated) was studied, together with serum gastrin, pentagastrin, and pepsinogen, in patients before colectomy and after having had the pelvic pouch functioning for 12 months.
RESULTS: RESULTS:A significant increase, compared with preoperative levels, in retention, basic, and stimulated gastric acid secretion was found after 12 months with the pouch functioning. Levels of serum gastrin, pentagastrin, and pepsinogen were unchanged.
CONCLUSION: CONCLUSION:Restorative proctocolectomy leads to a significant increase in gastric acid secretion. These findings may be of importance with regard to intestinal passage time and consistency of the stools.
Presented at the International Society of University Colon and Rectal Surgeons, Malmö, Sweden, June 7 to 11, 1998, and at the Congress of the European Society for Surgical Research, Corfu, Greece, May 18 to 21, 1997.
© The ASCRS 1999