Although stool consistency is considered to be an important component of anorectal continence, its effect on rectal emptying has never been quantitated. In 12 healthy volunteers and 12 patients after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) (46±5 months after the operation; mean ± SEM), perfused anal manometry was performed; movements of the anorectal angle were quantitated scintigraphically; and rectal capacity and compliance were measured by air insufflation of an intrarectal balloon at three infusion rates. The efficiency of rectal evacuation of three consistencies (5 percent, liquid; 7.5 percent semisolid gel; 11.25 percent solid gel; w/w) of Tc99m labeled artificial stool (aluminum magnesium silicate gel) was quantitated by gamma camera imaging. No abnormalities of pelvic floor function were demonstrated in either controls or patients. The mean neorectal capacity and compliance of patients with IPAA did not differ from control, (capacity; IPAA: 215±22 ml vs. control; 245±29 ml; compliance; IPAA: 5.5±0.7 ml/cm H2O vs. control; 6.6±0.7 ml/cm H2O; P>0.05). In controls, the percentage of the 7.5 percent consistency evacuated (81±5 percent, mean ± SEM) was significantly more than the percentage evacuation of either the 5 percent consistency (67±7 percent) or the 11.25 percent consistency (77±2 percent) (P<0.05). After IPAA, the mean overall percent evacuation of the three stool consistencies was significantly less than control (52±6 percent after IPAA; 75±5 percent control, P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in neorectal emptying between the liquid, the semisolid gel and the solid gel (56±6, 55±6, 51±9 percent, respectively, P>0.1). We concluded that in healthy subjects but not in patients after IPAA, stool consistency affected the efficiency of evacuation of enteric content.
Read in part at the meeting of The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons, Toronto, Canada, June 11 to 16, 1989.
Supported in part by USPHS Grants DK 37990, RR 585, and DK 34988 from the National Institutes of Health and the Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota.
© The ASCRS 1991