Edmond Delorme was born in Lunéville, France, August 2, 1847, the son of a cabinetmaker. Early on, he demonstrated an interest in military science and enrolled in the medical military school at Strasbourg in 1866. He followed the army in its battles throughout Europe and in North Africa. In 1877, he was named professor of operative medicine at Val-de-Grâce and, ten years later, professor of clinical surgery. He was the director of a number of hospitals and introduced the concept of antisepsis in French military medicine. In 1903, he became head of all the health services of the French Army. A highly influential surgeon, he was elected successively president of the French Academy of Medicine, of the Society of Surgery, and of the Society of Military Medicine. He was also a grand officer of the Legion of Honor.His contributions to surgery were manifested in many specialized areas—the treatment of war injuries, of fractures, lung decortication, and rectal surgery. He is eponymously associated with the operation for rectal prolapse that is reproduced in translation here. Three cases are reported with one death. While the operation has virtually been abandoned for full-thickness prolapse, it still may be usefully employed in patients with primarily mucosal involvement.Delorme died in Paris, January 25, 1929, at the age of 81.Delorme E. On the treatment of total prolapse of the rectum by excision of the rectal mucous membranes or recto-colic.
Communication sur le traitement des prolapsus du rectum totaux, par l'excision de la muqueuse rectale ou recto-colique.
Translated by N. McGill
© The ASCRS 1985