Leslie L. Davis, PhD, RN, ANP-BC, is associate professor of nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Nursing.
Thomas P. McCoy, PhD, PStat, is a professional-track professor and statistician, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, School of Nursing.
Barbara Riegel, PhD, RN, is a professor of nursing, University of Pennsylvania and studies the self-care performed by adults with heart failure and other forms of chronic illness.
Sharon McKinley, PhD, BAppSc (Nurs), is a professor of critical care nursing, Northern Sydney Health Service and University of Technology, Sydney, Australia.
Lynn V. Doering, PhD, RN, is a professor emerita, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Nursing.
Debra K. Moser, PhD, RN, is a professor and Gill Endowed Chair of Cardiovascular Nursing and assistant dean of the PhD program, University of Kentucky, College of Nursing.
This project was partially supported by grant P20MD002289 (Wallace, principal investigator) from National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities/National Institutes of Health. The content is the sole responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute for Minority Health and Health Disparities or the National Institutes of Health.
The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationship with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Leslie L. Davis, PhD, RN, ANP-BC, School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 4007 Carrington Hall, Campus Box 7460, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 ([email protected]).