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Qualitative Research Methods

A Phenomenological Focus

Cypress, Brigitte, EdD, RN, CCRN

doi: 10.1097/DCC.0000000000000322

Data collection and management are often neglected subjects of qualitative research. Qualitative data collection, management, and analysis are complex and challenging for researchers especially for early career and doctoral students. These processes involve anticipating for ethical issues and developing means and methods for collecting, recording, and storing data securely. Approaches to data analysis include organizing, reading, coding, and organizing themes, representing, and interpreting the data. The unanticipated issues in accomplishing these steps and corresponding solutions are presented. Recommendations for training and mentoring of novices in qualitative research are discussed.

Brigitte S. Cypress, EdD, RN, CCRN, is an associate professor at East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania.

The author has disclosed she has no significant relationship with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Brigitte Cypress, EdD, RN, CCRN, College of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania Denike Center for Human Services Rm 217, 200 Prospect St, East Stroudsburg, PA 18301-2999 (

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