Jeanne Maiden, PhD, RN, CNS-BC, is associate dean, professor, and MSN program director at the School of Nursing at Point Loma Nazarene, University in San Diego, California.
Jane M. Georges, PhD, RN, is associate professor at the Hahn School of Nursing at the University of San Diego, California.
Cynthia D. Connelly, PhD, RN, FAAN, is professor and director of nursing research at the Hahn School of Nursing at the University of San Diego, California.
The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationship with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Jeanne Maiden, PhD, RN, CNS-BC, Point Loma Nazarene University, School of Nursing, 3900 Lomaland Dr, San Diego, CA 92106 ([email protected]).