Leadership DIMENSIONEvidence-Based Practice Fever Evaluation and Early Recognition of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome in Critical Care PatientsKramer, Linda W. RN, MSNc, CCRNAuthor Information Linda W. Kramer, RN, MSNc, CCRN, has been in many roles of critical care nursing since 1974-staff nurse, charge nurse, & educator. She currently is a Critical Care Clinical Nurse Specialist at Norton Hospital in Loisville, KY. She also serves as a consultant with Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing. Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Linda W. Kramer, RN, MSNc, CCRN, Norton Hospital, 200 E Chestnut St, Louisville, KY 40202 ([email protected]). Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: January 2010 - Volume 29 - Issue 1 - p 20-28 doi: 10.1097/DCC.0b013e3181be4a74 Buy Metrics AbstractIn Brief Fever is very often the first sign of sepsis and systemic inflammatory response syndrome, both of which can be life-threatening. This article presents various guidelines for the treatment and prevention of fever using evidence-based practice guidelines from a variety of sources. Sepsis and systemic inflammatory response syndrome can be life threatening. The assessment of fever as one way to identify and provide early interventions is described in this article as a basis for evidence-based practice. © 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.