Clinical DIMENSIONPrevention of Sternal Wound Infections After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery With Use of Insulin Drug Therapy A Review of the LiteratureKillian, Maggie BA; Russell, Anne C. PhD, RN, CNS; Keister, Kathy J. PhD, RN, CNE Author Information Maggie Killian, BA, is a graduate of second-degree BSN nursing program at Wright State University-Miami Valley College of Nursing & Health. Anne C. Russell, PhD, RN, CNS, is an assistant professor at Wright State University-Miami Valley College of Nursing & Health. Kathy J. Keister, PhD, RN, CNE, is an assistant professor at Wright State University-Miami Valley College of Nursing & Health. Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Anne C. Russell, PhD, RN, CNS, College of Nursing and Health, Wright State University-Miami Valley, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435 ([email protected]). Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: September 2009 - Volume 28 - Issue 5 - p 199-203 doi: 10.1097/DCC.0b013e3181ac496b Buy Metrics AbstractIn Brief Diabetes is a disease that can increase the risks of developing cardiac problems, which can include coronary artery bypass graft surgery. These patients are at an increased risk of developing serious complications after this surgery, including deep sternal wound infections. In addition, nondiabetic patients may also develop this complication. Therefore, it is essential to monitor and maintain glucose levels after open heart surgery. This literature review discusses some of the studies in this area. Sternal wound infections after open heart surgery are serious and can be life threatening. This article reviews the use of insulin drug therapy as one intervention to prevent these infections. © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.