Dr. Kurd is Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Dr. Coutinho is an Orthopaedic Spine Surgeon, Instituto Vita, Sao Paolo, Brazil; Dr. Patel is Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois; and Dr. An is Professor and Morton International Endowed Chair, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University, 1611 W. Harrison St, Suite 300 Chicago, IL 60612; E-mail: email@example.com.
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The authors have disclosed that cervical pedicle or lateral mass screw fixation is not approved for use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
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