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C1 and C2 Spine Trauma: Evaluation, Classification, and Treatment

Joaquim, Andrei F. MD; Patel, Alpesh A. MD

Contemporary Spine Surgery: March 2010 - Volume 11 - Issue 3 - p 1–7
doi: 10.1097/01.CSS.0000369159.82865.84

Dr. Joaquim is Neurosurgeon PhD Student, Department of Neurology, State University of Campinas, Campinas-SP, São Paulo, Brazil; and Dr. Patel is Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Utah School of Medicine, 590 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, E-mail:

Dr. Joaquim and all staff in a position to control the content of this CME activity and their spouses/life partners (if any) have disclosed that they have no financial relationships with or financial interests in any commercial companies pertaining to this educational activity. Dr. Patel has disclosed that he is/was the recipient of grant/research support from Stryker Spine; is/was a member of the speaker's bureau for Amedica, Stryker Spine, Biomet, and Medtronic; and is/was a stock shareholder in Amedica, and that his spouse/life partner has nothing to disclose.

The authors have disclosed that the use of posterior cervical instrumentation for treatment of cervical fractures as discussed in this article has not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Lippincott Continuing Medical Education Institute is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. Lippincott Continuing Medical Education Institute designates this educational activity for a maximum of 1.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. To earn CME credit, you must read the CME article and complete the quiz and evaluation assessment survey on the enclosed form, answering at least 70% of the quiz questions correctly. This activity expires on February 28, 2011.

© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
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