Electrophysiology (EP) procedures carry the risk of kidney injury due to contrast/hemodynamic fluctuations. We aim to evaluate the national epidemiology of acute kidney injury requiring dialysis (AKI-D) in patients undergoing EP procedures. Using the National Inpatient Sample, we included 2,747,605 adult hospitalizations undergoing invasive diagnostic EP procedures, ablation and implantable device placement from 2006 to 2014. We examined the temporal trend of AKI-D and outcomes associated with AKI-D. The rate of AKI-D increased significantly in both diagnostic/ablation group (8–21/10,000 hospitalizations from 2006 to 2014, P = 0.02) and implanted device group (19–44/10,000 hospitalizations from 2006 to 2014, P < 0.01), but it was explained by temporal changes in demographics and comorbidities. Cardiac resynchronization therapy and pacemaker placement had higher risk of AKI-D compared to implantable cardioverter-defibrillator placement (23 vs. 31 vs. 14/10,000 hospitalizations in cardiac resynchronization therapy, pacemaker placement, and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator group, respectively). Development of AKI-D was associated with significant increase in in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio, 9.6 in diagnostic/ablation group, P < 0.01; adjusted odds ratio, 5.1 in device implantation group, P < 0.01) and with longer length of stay (22.5 vs. 4.5 days in diagnostic/ablation group, 21.1 vs. 5.7 days in implanted device group) and higher cost (282,775 vs. 94,076 USD in diagnostic/ablation group, 295,660 vs. 102,007 USD in implanted device group). The incidence of AKI-D after EP procedures increased over time but largely explained by the change of demographics and comorbidities. This increasing trend, however, was associated with significant increase in resource utilization and in-hospital mortality in these patients.