The Epidemiology of Osteoporosis: The Oriental Perspective in a World Context.Lau, Edith M. C. MD*; Cooper, Cyrus DM** Section Editor(s): Leung, P. C. DSc, MBBS, MS; Cheng, J. Y. C. MBBSAuthor Information Guest Editors *From the Department of Community and Family Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. **MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, United Kingdom. Reprint requests to E. M. C. Lau, Department of Community and Family Medicine, 4th Floor, Lek Yuen Health Centre, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (1976-2007): February 1996 - Volume 323 - Issue - pp 65-74 Buy Abstract In the past 3 decades, the incidence of osteoporotic hip fracture increased in Hong Kong Chinese by 2-fold to reach an incidence of approximately 10 per 1000 in women and men who are 70 years of age or older. It has been projected that 50% of all hip fractures in the world will occur in Asia by the next century. The bone mineral density of Asian populations is comparable to that of whites after adjusting for height and weight. Physical inactivity, a low dietary calcium intake, and falls have been found to be major risk factors for hip fractures in Asia. Other risk factors are cigarette smoking, heavy alcohol consumption, and multiparity. Population strategies to increase physical activity and calcium intake and to prevent falls in Oriental populations will be effective in the prevention of osteoporosis and hip fracture because of the high attributable risk for these factors. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.