One hundred two patients with 131 consecutive cementless total knee arthroplasties that retained the posterior cruciate ligament were followed up prospectively. The average age of the patients was 58 years (range, 32-75 years). The mean followup on the surviving knee arthroplasties was 11 years (range, 7-16 years). The patellar component was metal-backed in the first 112 (85%) knees, cementless all-polyethylene in the last 17 (13%) knees, and two knees had a prior patellectomy. Forty-four metal-backed patellar components (48%) were revised; nine were loose, and 35 had polyethylene wear through. Thirteen femoral components (12%) were revised because of femoral abrasion from a failed metal-backed patellar component. No other femoral component was revised, loose, or had osteolysis develop. Nine (8%) tibial components had failure of ingrowth; eight have been revised. Partial radiolucencies occurred in 53% of the tibias. Thirteen (12%) small osteolytic lesions developed, all around screws or screw holes in the tibial components. At an average of 11 years followup, cementless fixation yielded mixed results: cementless femoral fixation was excellent and metal-backed patellar components had a 48% patellar revision rate. Cementless tibial components had an 8% aseptic loosening rate and a 12% incidence of small osteolytic lesions. Based on these results, the authors have abandoned cementless fixation in total knee arthroplasty.