The repair of full thickness rotator cuff tears traditionally has included acromioplasty and coracoacromial ligament section. Acromioplasty can be complicated by deltoid detachment, compromise of the deltoid lever arm, anterosuperior instability, and adhesions of the rotator cuff tendons under the bleeding cancellous bone of the osteotomized acromion. This report concerns the improvement in shoulder function at a minimum of 2 years after 27 full thickness rotator cuff repairs were done without deltoid detachment, acromioplasty, or section of the coracoacromial ligament. The mean number of Simple Shoulder Test functions that the patients could do increased from six of 12 before surgery to 10 of 12 at an average followup of 4 years after surgery. Eight of 12 individual Simple Shoulder Test functions were significantly improved after the procedure. There also was a significant improvement in the Short Form-36 comfort, physical role function, and mental health scores. When done without acromioplasty, cuff repair avoids the possibility of deltoid detachment, altered deltoid mechanics, anterosuperior instability, and tendon scarring to the cancellous undersurface of the acromion.