Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is one of the main manifestations of coronary artery disease, with a higher prevalence and worst prognosis. Oxidative stress is important in atherosclerosis and ACS, and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is directly related to reducing the effects of oxidative stress on lipoproteins. The present study evaluated the prognostic value of PON1 activity in patients with non-ST-segment elevation ACS [non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and unstable angina (UA)], included in the ERICO study.
PON1 paraoxonase activity was determined in serum samples from 485 patients collected on admission. The prognostic value in the follow-up of up to 5 years was evaluated according to cutoff points established by tertiles. Kaplan–Meier curves and Cox regression were used for the analysis of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality.
The sample consisted mainly of elderly patients with a high frequency of cardiovascular risk factors. At follow-up of up to 5 years, there were 126 deaths from all causes (80 deaths from CVD). The lowest tertile of PON1 paraoxonase activity was associated with a higher risk of death in patients with NSTEMI, but not in patients with UA.
PON1 paraoxonase activity has potential prognostic value in patients with NSTEMI.