The difference of chronic neointimal conditions of biodegradable polymer-coated and durable polymer-coated drug-eluting stent have not been well investigated.
We aimed to compare the angioscopic findings among SYNERGY biodegradable polymer-coated everolimus-eluting stent (BP-EES), ULTIMASTER biodegradable polymer-coated sirolimus-eluting stent (BP-SES), and XIENCE Alpine durable polymer-coated everolimus-eluting stent (DP-EES) 8 months after stent implantation.
Patients who underwent implantation of BP-EES (n = 30), BP-SES (n = 26), or DP-EES (n = 21) in Osaka Rosai Hospital from December 2015 to April 2017 were retrospectively enrolled. Coronary angioscopic evaluation including dominant grade of neointimal coverage (NIC) over the stent, maximum yellow plaque grade, and existence of red thrombi were performed 8 months after stent implantation. The incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization were assessed 1 year after coronary angioscopic evaluation among the three groups.
The patient and lesion characteristics were similar among the three groups. Dominant grade of NIC and maximum yellow plaque grade were not significantly different among BP-EES, BP-SES, and DP-EES groups [mean ± SD, 1.50 ± 0.73, 1.58 ± 0.64, and 1.33 ± 0.48 (P = 0.38) and 0.83 ± 0.59, 0.81 ± 0.75, and 0.95 ± 0.38 (P = 0.68), respectively]. The existence of red thrombi was similar among the three groups [20, 12, and 19% (P = 0.67)]. There was no significant difference in the MACE 1 year after coronary angioscopic evaluation among the three groups [0, 8, and 0% (P = 0.13)].
Coronary angioscopic findings revealed that BP-EES, BP-SES, and DP-EES produced similar favorable NIC 8 months after stent implantation.