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Bioresorbable scaffolds compared with everolimus-eluting stents for the treatment of chronic coronary total occlusion: clinical and angiographic results of a matched paired comparison

Kugler, Christine; Markovic, Sinisa; Rottbauer, Wolfgang; Wöhrle, Jochen

doi: 10.1097/MCA.0000000000000449
Original Research
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Objectives Data on bioresorbable vascular scaffolds for recanalization of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) are limited. We compared the bioresorbable scaffold Absorb with everolimus-eluting stents for the treatment of true CTO.

Methods After recanalization of CTO, 15 lesions treated with the bioresorbable scaffold Absorb were matched with 15 lesions receiving everolimus-eluting stent (EES) (http://www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT02162082). Match criteria were presence of diabetes mellitus, total device length and maximal device diameter. Angiographic follow-up was scheduled after 9 months and clinical follow-up after 12 months. Dual antiplatelet therapy was administered for 12 months. Quantitative coronary analysis was carried out before and after implantation and at angiographic follow-up. All lesions were predilated. The Absorb scaffolds and drug-eluting stents were carefully placed and postdilatated with high-pressure balloons. Patients received dual antiplatelet therapy for 12 months. The baseline characteristics were similar between both the groups. The mean scaffold length was 81.7±29.1 versus 79.3±27.4 mm for the mean stent length (P=0.82). In-device late lumen loss at the 9-month follow-up was 0.38±0.47 versus 0.46±0.60 mm (P=0.69). The device-oriented composite endpoint was similar in both groups, with 6.7% in the Absorb-group versus 13.3% in the EES group because of target lesion revascularization (P=0.54).

Conclusion In CTOs, the use of a bioresorbable scaffold Absorb after recanalization showed similar 9-month angiographic and 12-month clinical results compared with an EES with 12 months of dual antiplatelet therapy.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany

Correspondence to Jochen Wöhrle, FESC, Department of Internal Medicine II, University of Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 23, 89081 Ulm, Germany Tel: +49 731 500 45001; fax: +49 731 500 45029; e-mail: jochen.woehrle@uniklinik-ulm.de

Received July 8, 2016

Received in revised form September 23, 2016

Accepted October 13, 2016

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