Advanced atrioventricular block is a frequent complication in patients with inferior acute myocardial infarction (AMI); in patients in hospital, it often occurs concurrently with other complications and is associated with high mortality. Very little information is available about early and late advanced atrioventricular block in inferior AMI. We hypothesized that the time of appearance of advanced atrioventricular block characterized by poor response to atropine requiring temporary pacemaker therapy may affect the prognosis of patients with inferior AMI.
We studied 51 patients with inferior AMI and advanced atrioventricular block characterized by poor response to atropine requiring temporary pacemaker therapy. According to pre-established electrocardiographic criteria and the time of appearance of the advanced atrioventricular block, patients were divided into two groups: an early block group consisting of 30 patients who developed advanced atrioventricular block during the first 24 h of inferior AMI, and a late block group consisting of 21 patients who developed advanced atrioventricular block after the first 24 h of chest pain.
The groups were similar regarding age, coronary risk factors, frequency of right ventricular infarction, QRS score, atrial and ventricular rates, the time of return to first-degree atrioventricular block, cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure and mortality. The early advanced atrioventricular block group included a greater number of men than did the late group (P = 0.017).
These data suggest that the time of appearance of advanced atrioventricular block does not affect the prognosis of hospital patients with inferior AMI.
Coronary Artery Dis 9:1–4 © 1998 Lippincott-Raven Publishers
© 1998 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.