The purpose of this study was to study the outcome of single-staged entropion surgery along with lid margin mucous membrane grafting for cicatrizing ocular surface disease.
Retrospective review of medical records of patients who underwent single-staged surgical correction of cicatricial entropion along with lid margin mucous membrane grafting for lid margin keratinization.
Twenty-six eyes of 19 patients were studied. The mean age of patients was 42.5 years (standard deviation, SD-17.67), of which 7 patients were male and 12 were female. The most common disorder was Stevens–Johnson syndrome (SJS) sequelae (83.33%, n = 20), followed by mucous membrane pemphigoid (n = 4, 16.67%). The most common eyelid changes observed were cicatricial entropion in all 26 eyes (100%, n = 26), followed by trichiasis in 13 eyes (50%, n = 13). Lid margin keratinization was noted in all eyes. Postoperative improvement in corneal surface staining was noted in 70% of the patients (n = 13), no change in 20% of the patients (n = 4), and worsening of corneal surface staining in 10% of the patients (n = 2). Postoperative visual acuity improvement was noted in 50% of the eyes (n = 13), no improvement in 39% of the eyes (n = 10), and vision worsened in 12% of the eyes (n = 3). An entropion recurrence rate of 25% (n = 6) was observed over an average 10-month follow-up, whereas 75% (n = 20) reported no recurrence.
Single-staged correction of eyelid cicatricial entropion with a lid margin mucous membrane graft (MMG) has promising outcomes in ocular surface diseases. It can decrease the need for multiple surgeries and provide symptomatic relief in patients with chronic cicatricial surface changes.