The purpose of this study was to report a serious complication of early sterile keratolysis associated with a presbyopia inlay implantation combined with hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK).
A 55-year-old hyperopic man underwent uneventful topography-guided bilateral femtosecond laser-assisted hyperopic LASIK, combined with same-day polymer refractive inlay implantation in the nondominant eye for additional presbyopia correction. Within 2 months, anterior sterile keratolysis and partial extrusion required surgical explantation of the inlay, and long-term medical management over 9 years achieved effective visual rehabilitation documented also with corneal imaging.
Immediate postoperative results were binocular 20/20 uncorrected distance visual acuity and J1 uncorrected near visual acuity. The early progressive anterior sterile keratolysis and partial extrusion necessitated surgical explantation at 2 months, severe anterior scarring of the perforated flap area and severe focal flattening of the cornea of over 10 diopters, developed despite aggressive topical corticosteroid use. The uncorrected distance visual acuity in the OS dropped from 20/25 to 20/400. The LASIK flap portion that underwent keratolysis and perforated, remodeled long-term from a scarred, epithelial plug with early significant surface concavity to evidently a mild subepithelial localized hazy area with regularized curvature over a period of 9 years.
Some refractive synthetic corneal inlays have been recalled because they may result in significant corneal haze. We present herein a case of severe keratolysis that necessitated surgical explantation and further document long-term care for eventual visual rehabilitation.