To examine the outcomes of cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive (CTA) application for impending or frank corneal perforations and assess for predictors of treatment response.
A multicenter cohort study was conducted to assess the clinical outcomes of adult patients who underwent CTA gluing for impending or frank corneal perforations between 2013 and 2018. The primary outcome was the proportion of successful CTA applications, defined as tectonic stability of the globe without subsequent keratoplasty (KP). Secondary outcomes included visual acuity and success of subsequent surgical interventions, if performed.
Fifty-three eyes of 52 patients were included in this study [56% women; mean age at presentation 70 ± 13 years; median length of follow-up of 387 days (interquartile range: 191–704)]. Medical comorbidities were present in 62% of patients. The most common etiologies for perforations included infections (43%) and Sjogren disease (9%). Of the CTA-treated eyes, 22% had a complete resolution of the corneal lesion. Fifty-four percent of patients underwent KP. Longer duration of CTA treatment was associated with CTA success (P = 0.04). For patients requiring KP, 71% were successful and 29% failed. There is no significant difference in the median time delay between patients with successful and failed KPs (P = 0.4).
CTA may be considered a stand-alone treatment for corneal perforations. It yielded a success rate of 22%. Failed CTA treatment occurred quickly, largely because of the severity of presentation. In cases requiring KP, the delay between glue application and surgery did not influence the PK success.