Iris mammillations (IM) were previously described in patients with keratoconus, but the clinical implications of this finding have never been studied. Our aim was to investigate demographic, tomographic, and clinical characteristics potentially associated with the presence of IM among patients with keratoconus.
This was a cross-sectional study performed among patients with keratoconus in a public-affiliated university hospital. All patients under follow-up were considered eligible to participate in the study. Participants were evaluated by 2 trained ophthalmologists and submitted to corneal tomography (Pentacam). Selected demographic, clinical, and tomographic characteristics were assessed and compared among participants with IM (IM group) and without IM (No-IM group) using the Wilcoxon test or 2-tailed Fisher exact test, as appropriate.
The study population consisted of 106 subjects and 19 (17.9%) presented with IM. The median age and interquartile range were 18 years old (14–24) in the IM group and 20 years old (17–24) in the No-IM group (P = 0.135). The female proportion was 47.3% in the IM group and 52.8% in the No-IM group (P = 0.801). Median (interquartile ranges) pachymetric values of the right eyes were 498 (466–525) for the IM group and 459 (421–482) for the No-IM group (P = 0.005). For the left eyes, the values were 490 (456–523) in the IM group and 450 (418–485) in the No-IM group (P = 0.024).
Subjects with keratoconus presenting with IM have thicker corneas than those without IM. Follow-up studies should be performed to evaluate the clinical implications of this finding.