To describe the outcomes of tuck-in tenon patch graft (TPG) in the management of corneal perforation up to 5-mm size.
Thirty-one cases of sterile corneal perforation (3–5 mm) underwent autologous TPG. The technique included, freshening of the edges, measuring the size of defect, creating a 360-degree stromal pocket around the perforation margin, harvesting the tenon graft followed by tucking into the stromal pocket, and application of cyanoacrylate glue or suturing the graft using 10-0 monofilament nylon suture. The main outcome measure was rate of healing (percentage of cases healed).
The mean age was 52.3 ± 8.9 years with 22 male and 9 female patients. The various etiologies of corneal perforation included trauma (n = 10), neurotrophic keratitis (n = 11), and peripheral ulcerative keratitis (n = 10). The mean size of corneal perforation was 4.2 ± 0.6 mm (range 3–5 mm). The mean duration of epithelial healing was 25.7 ± 6.7 days. Best-corrected visual acuity improved from 1.8 ± 0.4 to 1.2 ± 0.4 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution units at 4 weeks after surgery (P ≤ 0.01). Twenty-seven (87.1%) cases healed with formation of a leucomatous scar at 16.9 ± 2.7 weeks, whereas 4 cases had a flat anterior chamber. In three-fourths of the cases, a corneal graft was performed. In one case, graft resuturing was performed for post-op aqueous leak, which healed with the formation of a corneo-iridic scar.
TPG is a safe, simple, inexpensive, and an effective technique for the management of corneal perforations. The advantages include the autologous nature of the graft, cost effectiveness, and easy availability.