To determine in-use stability and sterility of fortified cefazolin, ceftazidime, vancomycin, amphotericin B, and methylprednisolone eye drops in a simulated inpatient setting with and without a mobile refrigerated container (MR).
Each drug was prepared and divided into 4 groups: 1) simulated patient use with the MR group: stored at 4°C and kept in the MR during drug administration, 2) simulated patient use without the MR (NoMR) group: stored at 4°C and no MR, 3) refrigerated control group: stored at 4°C, and 4) room temperature control group: stored at room temperature. Stability and sterility data were evaluated at days 0, 4, 7, 14, 21, and 28. Linear mixed-effects model and survival analysis were performed.
Median time to 10% loss of concentration for in-use medications (MR/NoMR groups) was >28/27.9, 22.2/22.2, 19.4/19.4, 10.18/<4, and >28/>28 days for cefazolin, ceftazidime, vancomycin, amphotericin B, and methylprednisolone, respectively. There was no significant difference in the predicted concentration loss per day among all groups for vancomycin and methylprednisolone (all P > 0.05). For the other study medications, all room temperature control groups, the cefazolin NoMR group, and the ceftazidime NoMR group had significantly greater predicted concentration loss per day compared with the refrigerated control groups (all P ≤ 0.02). Culture results were negative for all drugs throughout the study.
The NoMR group showed that the drug significantly degraded rapidly for cefazolin, ceftazidime, and amphotericin B. Implementation of MR could decrease the predicted loss of concentration per day for cefazolin and ceftazidime. In vitro antimicrobial activity and sterility were retained for 28 days.