To describe the findings of anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) in patients with microsporidial keratoconjunctivitis.
The observational study included 13 eyes from 13 patients. Slit-lamp photography and AS-OCT were performed using the Swept source OCT before corneal scraping. All cases were positive for Gram-chromotrope (modified trichrome) staining for Microsporidia spp.
Three significant AS-OCT findings were observed. First, hyperreflective dots were limited to the epithelial layers of the cornea, and second, there were no extensions into the stromal layer in all cases. Last, hyperreflective dots slightly raised above the epithelial surface were observed in most cases (12/13%, 92.3%).
AS-OCT represents an alternative, noninvasive tool to diagnose microsporidial keratoconjunctivitis, especially if corneal scraping is not possible.