Despite numerous studies, the causes of keratoconus
(KC) remain indefinable. Recently, polymorphisms
in the seed region of miR-184 have been identified in familial severe KC and stromal thinning (endothelial dystrophy, iris hypoplasia, congenital cataract, and stromal thinning [EDICT]) syndrome. In this study, we conducted genotyping of microRNA genes localized in the reported KC loci, in a well-defined cohort of Greek sporadic KC patients.
A case–control panel with 61 KC patients and 120 healthy controls was surveyed. DNA from each individual was genotyped for the rs41280052, located within the pre-miR-184
sequence, and hsa-mir-568 rs149509568 polymorphisms
, by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing.
Regarding rs41280052, no significant association with KC was observed. The T allele of the rs41280052 was present in 5.74% of KC patients and in 8.75% of healthy controls [P
= 1.00, odds ratio (OR): 1.82, 95% confidence interval: 0.11–29.66]. However, the minus allele (G) of the rs149509568 polymorphism was found to be overrepresented in KC patients (P
= 0.04, odds ratio: 5.08, 95% confidence interval: 0.97–26.61).
Our results demonstrated a significant association between sporadic KC and hsa-mir-568 rs149509568 polymorphism, suggesting a potential role of the has-mir-568 in KC pathogenesis.