ArticlePotential Application of Biological Products for the Treatment of Ocular Surface InflammationSakimoto, Tohru MD, PhDAuthor Information Division of Ophthalmology, Department of Visual Sciences, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. Reprints: Tohru Sakimoto, MD, PhD, Division of Ophthalmology, Department of Visual Sciences, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi Kamimachi, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8610, Japan (e-mail: [email protected]). Supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B) 23792010 (T.S.) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan. The author has no conflicts of interest to disclose. Cornea: November 2015 - Volume 34 - Issue - p S153-S157 doi: 10.1097/ICO.0000000000000585 Buy Metrics Abstract Abstract: Various biological products have been introduced for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. The injection of tocilizumab [anti-interleukin (IL)-6R antibody] and a tumor necrosis factor receptor fusion protein (TNFR-Fc) has been approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. We investigated the effect of the anti-IL-6R antibody and TNFR-Fc on corneal inflammation. Topical instillation of the anti-IL-6R antibody (MR16-1, 2 μg/μL; anti-IL-6R group) or TNFR1-Fc (100 μg/mL; TNFR1 group) was performed after corneal wounds were induced in BALB/c mice by alkali burns. The injured eye was analyzed on day 14 or 28 after injury, and topical instillation was performed until day 14 or day 28. Corneal stromal sections were made using a laser capture microdissection system, and total RNA from the specimens was subjected to quantitative polymerase chain reaction array analysis. Topical instillation of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) served as a control. The vascularized area was significantly reduced in the anti-IL-6R (day 14) and TNFR1 groups (day 28) compared with that in the PBS group. In the anti-IL-6R group, the expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase-13, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, and C-C motif ligand-22 were downregulated compared with those in the PBS group. In the TNFR1 group, expression of mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 was downregulated. These results indicate the possible application of biological products for topical instillation for the treatment of corneal inflammation. Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.