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Comparison of Central Corneal Graft Thickness to Visual Acuity Outcomes in Endothelial Keratoplasty

Neff, Kristiana D MD; Biber, Joseph M MD; Holland, Edward J MD

doi: 10.1097/ICO.0b013e3181f236c6
Clinical Science
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Purpose: To evaluate visual acuity outcomes after endothelial keratoplasty (EK) and describe the relationship to postoperative central corneal graft thickness as measured by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT).

Methods: A retrospective case series of 33 eyes in 28 patients undergoing routine EK using precut eye bank tissue was designed. All patients underwent serial central graft thickness measurements with AS-OCT. Based on the median central graft thickness of all patients, the eyes were divided into 2 groups: thin EK and thick EK. Differences between the groups were compared.

Results: The median postoperative graft thickness of all eyes was 131 μm. The eyes were divided into 2 groups based on this median: thin EK (graft thickness: ≤131 μm; range: 77-131 μm; average: 109 μm) and thick EK (graft thickness: >131 μm; range: 138-182 μm; average: 162 μm). There was no statistically significant difference in age, sex, or preoperative best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) between the 2 groups. Average postoperative follow-up was 12.8 months. The thin EK group showed better postoperative BSCVA compared with the thick EK group (P < 0.01). All thin EK eyes had BSCVA greater than or equal to 20/25 with 71% of eyes achieving BSCVA of 20/20. In contrast, only 50% of thick EK eyes reached BSCVA greater than or equal to 20/25 with 19% obtaining BSCVA of 20/20.

Conclusions: Thin EK versus thick EK, as measured by AS-OCT in the postoperative period, showed a statistically significant improvement in BSCVA.

From the *Department of Ophthalmology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC; †Department of Ophthalmology, Cincinnati Eye Institute, Edgewood, KY; and ‡University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

Received for publication December 23, 2009; revision received June 21, 2010; accepted June 28, 2010.

Supported by Research to Prevent Blindness.

Presented in part at the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery Annual Meeting, April 5, 2009, San Francisco, CA.

Reprints: Edward J. Holland, Cincinnati Eye Institute, 580 South Loop Road, Suite 200, Edgewood, KY 41017 (e-mail: eholland@holprovision.com).

Copyright © 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.