To document a case of peripheral ulcerative keratitis (PUK) that progressed to corneal perforation in the setting of recently diagnosed sarcoidosis.
Observational case report.
A 42-year-old white woman presented with a 2-day history of tearing and decreased vision OD, secondary to PUK with corneal perforation. Slit-lamp evaluation revealed bilateral peripheral corneal thinning with vascularized scarring. History, clinical examination, chart review, peripheral lamellar keratoplasty, serologies, and bronchoscopy with biopsy were performed.
After lamellar keratoplasty, visual acuity was 20/400 OD and 20/20 OS. She was treated with oral prednisone and high-dose Cytoxan therapy. One year postperforation, she received a limbus-to-limbus penetrating keratoplasty OD. One year after penetrating keratoplasty, the patient's BCVA OD is 20/40. She has stable scarring OS. Workup has revealed serologic and pathologic evidence of sarcoidosis without evidence of any other seropositive vasculitic disease.
This patient represents the first known case report of PUK in sarcoidosis. Oral Cytoxan, steroids, and topical cyclosporine have stabilized the disease process in this patient.